The Islamic Republic of Iran
(Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran).
Conventional Short Form: Iran
The official flag of Iran
consists of green (top),
white (middle), Red(down), with
the Islamic Republic insignia.
Once a great empire, Iran has
been traditionally known to the world as Persia. Archeological findings have
placed knowledge of Iranian prehistory to mid-Paleolithic times (10,000 years
ago). The then Persia was a major transit and commerce route on the famous trade
Despite millennia of historical
upheavals and foreign invaders, Iran has maintained its national and cultural
identity as one of the seats of global civilization. In 1979, the monarchial
regime was toppled in a revolutionary movement unprecedented in Iranian history
and the nation voted for an Islamic republic system of government at a